A family study of anthropometric traits in a Punjabi community: II. An investigation of familial transmission

Am J Phys Anthropol. 1984 Jun;64(2):97-104. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330640202.


Path analysis is used to characterize family resemblance for anthropometrics in twins and nuclear families from the Punjabi population of India. Significant positive assortative mating exists with respect to many body measurements, but not for cranial or facial variables. Evidence of a maternal effect for five measurements of bone diameter is reported. Twin resemblance is increased by a component not found in other pairs of relatives for all variables except nasal height, facial length, ear length, and head breadth. Although all variables have significant transmissible components, many have parameter estimates which are not consistent with strictly polygenic inheritance. Some form of cultural transmission is implicated for such variables, especially for those related to fatness levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anthropometry*
  • Child
  • Family
  • Female
  • Genetics, Medical*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Models, Genetic
  • Pregnancy
  • Twins*