Broviac catheter-related Malassezia furfur sepsis in five infants receiving intravenous fat emulsions

J Pediatr. 1984 Dec;105(6):987-90. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(84)80096-7.


Malassezia furfur, a lipophilic fungus commonly found on the skin of healthy adult, was isolated from Broviac catheter blood cultures in five sick infants who were receiving fat emulsions intravenously. The most common manifestations of sepsis included apnea and bradycardia, low-grade fever, interstitial pneumonia, elevated neutrophil band counts, and thrombocytopenia. All infants recovered without antifungal therapy after removal of the Broviac catheters. Early onset of fungemia after catheter placement in these five infants and the recovery of M. furfur from the skin of nearly 33% of hospitalized premature neonates indicate that contamination of the Broviac catheter at time of placement may be the most likely origin of infection.

MeSH terms

  • Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects*
  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous* / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Malassezia* / isolation & purification
  • Male
  • Mycoses / blood*
  • Mycoses / microbiology
  • Skin / microbiology


  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous