Elevation of molybdenum hydroxylase levels in rabbit liver after ingestion of phthalazine or its hydroxylated metabolite

Biochem Pharmacol. 1984 Nov 15;33(22):3699-705. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(84)90159-x.


Oral administration of phthalazine (50 mg/kg/day) or 1-hydroxyphthalazine (10 mg/kg/day) to female rabbits caused an increase in the specific activity of the hepatic molybdenum hydroxylases aldehyde oxidase and xanthine oxidase, whereas no effect on microsomal cytochrome P-450 activity was observed. The rise in the specific activity of purified aldehyde oxidase fractions was accompanied by a similar increase in molybdenum content. A significant lowering of the Km value for phthalazine was demonstrated with enzyme from treated rabbits whereas Km values for structurally similar substrates such as isoquinoline were unchanged from control values. Iso-electric focusing of DEAE-cellulose fractions showed the presence of an additional band of activity indicating that genuine induction of aldehyde oxidase had occurred in rabbits treated with phthalazine or 1-hydroxyphthalazine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aldehyde Oxidase
  • Aldehyde Oxidoreductases / biosynthesis*
  • Animals
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Enzyme Induction
  • Female
  • Kinetics
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Molybdenum / analysis
  • Phthalazines / pharmacology*
  • Pyridazines / pharmacology*
  • Rabbits
  • Xanthine Oxidase / biosynthesis*


  • Phthalazines
  • Pyridazines
  • 1-hydroxyphthalazine
  • Molybdenum
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • phthalazine
  • Xanthine Oxidase
  • Aldehyde Oxidoreductases
  • Aldehyde Oxidase