Brain and cervical spine injuries occurring during organized sports activities in children and adolescents

Prim Care. 1984 Mar;11(1):175-94.


Eighty per cent of severe sports-related central nervous system trauma occurs as a result of collision sports, chiefly American football and rugby union football, followed by wrestling and gymnastics. Although serious head injury is uncommon, episodes of concussion are frequent; repeated concussion should be grounds for suggesting that the athlete give up collision sport. American and rugby union football are the sports mainly responsible for cervical spine injury with resultant quadriplegia.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Boxing
  • Brain Injuries / diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology
  • Brain Injuries / therapy*
  • Child
  • Football
  • Humans
  • New Zealand
  • Physical Examination
  • Primary Health Care
  • Soccer
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / diagnosis
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / epidemiology
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / therapy*
  • Spinal Injuries / diagnosis
  • Spinal Injuries / epidemiology
  • Spinal Injuries / therapy*
  • Sports Medicine*
  • United States