Bumetanide and frusemide: a comparison of dose-response curves in healthy men

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1978 Mar;5(3):243-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.1978.tb01631.x.


1 Log dose-responses for the loop diuretics bumetanide and frusemide in healthy subjects deviated significantly from parallelism as regards urine volume and sodium excretion. Ignoring the nonparallelism the best estimate of natriuretic potency (bumetanide: frusemide) was 46:1 in the bumetanide dose range 0.5-2 mg. 2 For a given natriuresis the urinary potassium excretion following bumetanide was significantly lower than that for frusemide within this dose range. 3 The data illustrate the limitations of studies comparing diuretics at a single dose level. Extrapolation of the observed log dose-response curves provides one possible explanation for the relative potency (bumetanide: frusemide) of 20:1 reported when the drugs are used at high dosage in patients with renal failure.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bumetanide / pharmacology*
  • Diuresis / drug effects
  • Diuretics / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Furosemide / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Natriuresis / drug effects
  • Potassium / urine
  • Uric Acid / blood


  • Diuretics
  • Bumetanide
  • Uric Acid
  • Furosemide
  • Potassium