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. 1984 Jul;12(3):235-50.
doi: 10.1016/0165-1781(84)90029-5.

The Experience of Insomnia and Daytime and Nighttime Functioning

The Experience of Insomnia and Daytime and Nighttime Functioning

W B Mendelson et al. Psychiatry Res. .


Ten insomniacs and matched control subjects, in whom major physiologic disorders such as sleep apnea and nocturnal myoclonus were ruled out, underwent studies of sleep, temperature, motor activity, cognitive performance, and perception of depth of sleep. Subjective descriptions of sleep differed significantly between insomniacs and normals on a variety of variables. In contrast, polysomnographic evaluation showed increased intermittent waking time and decreased sleep efficiency, and only a tendency toward decreased total sleep and increased sleep latency. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) evaluation revealed that insomniacs had higher scores on the F, D, and SI scales, and lower values on the K scale. On cognitive testing, insomniacs did well on tests of episodic (recent) memory, but displayed major deficits in accessing semantic memory (retrieval of material already known). Compared to normals, insomniacs described rapid eye movement (REM) sleep as relatively "light" sleep.

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