Intraventricular hemorrhage in severe head injury

J Neurosurg. 1983 Feb;58(2):217-22. doi: 10.3171/jns.1983.58.2.0217.


A series of 30 patients suffering posttraumatic intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) after closed head injury is reviewed. Clotted blood and a mixture of blood and cerebrospinal fluid could be distinguished by computerized tomography (CT). Posttraumatic IVH was associated with diffuse brain lesions in most cases; intracerebral lesions with contusion, and subdural hematomas coexisted with posttraumatic IVH in eight and four instances, respectively. In two more cases, no CT abnormality other than IVH was noted. All patients in this series were in deep coma at the time of CT examination, and only seven survived. The early clinical findings, the site of ventricular hematoma, and the final outcome are analyzed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Brain Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Cerebral Ventriculography
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed