Computed tomography in the evaluation of Crohn disease

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1983 Feb;140(2):277-82. doi: 10.2214/ajr.140.2.277.


The abdominal and pelvic computed tomographic examinations in 28 patients with Crohn disease were analyzed and correlated with conventional barium studies, sinograms, and surgical findings. Mucosal abnormalities such as aphthous lesions, pseudopolyps, and ulcerations were only imaged by conventional techniques. Computed tomography proved superior in demonstrating the mural, serosal, and mesenteric abnormalities such as bowel wall thickening (82%), fibrofatty proliferation of mesenteric fat (39%), mesenteric abscess (25%), inflammatory reaction of the mesentery (14%), and mesenteric lymphadenopathy (18%). Computed tomography was most useful clinically in defining the nature of mass effects, separation, or displacement of small bowel segments seen on small bowel series. Although conventional barium studies remain the initial diagnostic procedure in evaluating Crohn disease, computed tomography can be a useful adjunct in resolving difficult clinical and radiologic diagnostic problems.

MeSH terms

  • Abscess / diagnostic imaging
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Crohn Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Gastric Mucosa / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Mesentery / diagnostic imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Smooth / diagnostic imaging
  • Pelvis / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography, Abdominal
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*