Phosphorylation of gastrin-17 by epidermal growth factor-stimulated tyrosine kinase

Nature. 1983 Feb 3;301(5899):435-7. doi: 10.1038/301435a0.


Tyrosine phosphorylation seems to be a key event in the control of cellular growth. Several viral transforming proteins, including the src protein of Rous sarcoma virus, the p120 protein of Abelson leukaemia virus and the middle T antigen of polyoma virus, are phosphorylated by associated tyrosine kinases. The levels of kinase activity correlate with the transforming efficiency of the virus. The receptors for epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and insulin are also phosphorylated by associated tyrosine kinase activities, which are stimulated by EGF, PDGF and insulin, respectively. The EGF-stimulated kinase and the src protein share similar substrate specificity for tyrosines immediately C-terminal to a sequence of acidic amino acids. Such a sequence is also found adjacent to the phosphotyrosine of middle T antigen, and in the homologous region of the hormone gastrin, adjacent to a tyrosine which is sulphated in approximately half the gastrin isolated from gastric mucosa. Reports that gastrin acts as a growth factor for cells of the gastrointestinal tract suggested that phosphorylation of this tyrosine might be physiologically more relevant than sulphation. We report here that synthetic human gastrin 17 is phosphorylated by the EGF-stimulated tyrosine kinase of A431 cell membranes. The Km values of 53-87 and 223-547 microM obtained in the presence and absence of EGF, respectively, are the lowest reported so far for this enzyme.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacology*
  • Gastrins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases


  • Gastrins
  • gastrin 17
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Protein Kinases
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases