Developing a measure of loneliness

J Pers Assess. 1978 Jun;42(3):290-4. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa4203_11.


Research on loneliness has been hindered by the lack of a simple and reliable assessment technique. The development of the UCLA Loneliness Scale, a short, 20-item general measure of loneliness is reported. The measure has high internal consistency (coefficient alpha = .96) and a test-retest correlation over a two-month period of .73. Concurrent and preliminary construct validity are indicated by correlations with self-reports of current loneliness and related emotional states, and by volunteering for a "loneliness clinic."

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Loneliness*
  • Male
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Psychometrics
  • Self-Assessment
  • Social Isolation*
  • Students
  • Time Factors