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, 308 (5957), 365-7

Acquisition of Specific Cytotoxic Activity by Human T4+ T Lymphocytes in Culture

Acquisition of Specific Cytotoxic Activity by Human T4+ T Lymphocytes in Culture

B Fleischer. Nature.

Abstract

Mature human T lymphocytes can be separated by monoclonal antibodies OKT4 and OKT8 according to their surface phenotypes into T4+T8- and T4-T8+ subsets. From short-term experiments using bulk cultures, the helper/inducer function has been assigned to the T4+T8- subset and the cytotoxic/suppressor function to the T4-T8+ subset. Thus if T lymphocytes are separated after stimulation in a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), the entire cytotoxic activity is found in the T4-T8+ fraction whereas the T4+T8- fraction shows no detectable cytotoxicity. If, however, T lymphocytes are cloned after MLR and grown in long-term culture, a surprisingly large fraction of T4+ T lymphocyte clones (TLC) shows cytotoxic activity. Here we report that T4+ TLC can acquire specific cytotoxicity during in vitro cultivation.

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