As part of a door-to-door survey of major neurological disorders, the prevalence of cerebral palsy was ascertained in the institutionalized and non-institutionalized biracial population of Copiah County, Mississippi. The over-all prevalence ratio was 212 per 100,000 inhabitants. For whites, as for blacks, males had a higher prevalence ratio than females. For both sexes, blacks had a higher prevalence ratio, but the race difference was not striking. Prevalence ratios declined with age. Other findings are presented on clinical features and degree of disability.