Haemoglobin interference in the determination of bilirubin was compared in 7 different methods using the Jendrassik-Grof procedure, the Jendrassik-Grof-Nosslin modification, and the more recent procedures using nitrophenyldiazonium, 2,5-dichlorophenyldiazonium, 2,4-dichloraniline, and a direct reading method. To a variable degree, haemoglobin decreased the apparent absorption of the reaction product in all procedures. The extent of this decrease depended on the reagent used, the wavelength, incubation time, bilirubin concentration and the type of blank used. In an attempt to elucidate the mechanism of interference, haemoglobin was found to destroy the bilirubin diazo-compound whereas haemoglobin was ineffective. Likewise, storage of haemolytic samples for several days led to a disappearance of haemoglobin. H2O2, which had no effect in the absence of haemoglobin, potentiated the action of haemoglobin on diazobilirubin coupling. From our observations it can be concluded that haemoglobin disturbs the diazo-bilirubin reaction by a dual mechanism. H2O2, formed from oxyhaemoglobin by autoxidation, destroys the diazo bilirubin colour. In accordance with this explanation, potassium iodide stabilized the diazo compound against the peroxidative effect of oxyhaemoglobin; stabilization was not effective with superoxide dismutase, mannitol or ascorbate.