Group therapy and hypnosis reduce metastatic breast carcinoma pain

Psychosom Med. 1983 Aug;45(4):333-9. doi: 10.1097/00006842-198308000-00007.

Abstract

The pain and mood disturbance of 54 women with metastatic carcinoma of the breast were studied over the course of one year. A random sample was offered weekly group therapy during the year, with or without self-hypnosis training directed toward enhancing their competence at mastering pain and stress related to cancer. Both treatment groups demonstrated significantly less self-rated pain sensation (t = 2.5 p less than 0.02) and suffering (t = 2.17, p less than 0.03) than the control sample. Those who were offered the self-hypnosis training as well as group therapy fared best in controlling the pain sensation (F = 3.1, p less than 0.05). Pain frequency and duration were not affected. Changes in pain measures were significantly correlated with changes in self-rated total mood disturbance on the Profile of Mood States and with its anxiety, depression, and fatigue subscales. Possible mechanisms for the effectiveness of these interventions are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Affective Symptoms / therapy
  • Analgesics / therapeutic use
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnosis / methods*
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Pain Management*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychotherapy, Group / methods*
  • Random Allocation

Substances

  • Analgesics