A one-year prospective study of 105 resuscitations in 74 children was done at Milwaukee Children's Hospital. Resuscitation outcome was correlated to location of arrest, level of monitoring at time of arrest, and type of arrest. Type of arrest was the only analyzed variable that influenced outcome. This study indicates that outcome for children requiring resuscitation for respiratory arrest without cardiac arrest is reasonably good (25% mortality). However, the outcome for children requiring resuscitation for cardiac or cardiorespiratory arrest is poor (87% to 89% mortality or severe morbidity). Children who suffered a respiratory arrest without cardiac arrest had a better outcome than did adults. However, children who had a cardiac or cardiopulmonary arrest had the same poor outcome as did adults.