Postradiation leiomyosarcoma of the orbit complicating bilateral retinoblastoma

Arch Ophthalmol. 1983 Oct;101(10):1557-61. doi: 10.1001/archopht.1983.01040020559011.


A 31-year-old woman had bilateral retinoblastoma diagnosed in early childhood. The right eye was enucleated at the age of 1 year, and the left eye was treated with radiation therapy (a total dose of 16,000 rad). Twenty-three years later, in 1975, a subcutaneous mass was noted in the left periorbital region. A biopsy specimen of the mass was taken and a diagnosis of pleomorphic postradiation sarcoma was made. Electron microscopic studies of the periorbital mass confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma. After additional radiation therapy, the residual mass was surgically excised. Five years later, a right renal mass, which histologically proved to be a renal cell carcinoma, was discovered. She was treated with nephrectomy, radiation, and chemotherapy. A recent follow-up examination disclosed that the patient is alive and apparently without any evidence of metastatic disease, 30 years after the diagnosis of bilateral retinoblastoma was made. The literature is reviewed regarding postradiation sarcomas and the occurrence of second malignant neoplasms in patients with retinoblastoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Eye Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leiomyosarcoma / etiology
  • Leiomyosarcoma / pathology*
  • Leiomyosarcoma / ultrastructure
  • Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology*
  • Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / ultrastructure
  • Orbital Neoplasms / etiology
  • Orbital Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Orbital Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • Retinoblastoma / radiotherapy*