The role of endogenous 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the control of blood pressure, the renin-angiotensin system and sympatho-adrenal function was investigated in normal man. Ketanserin (a specific 5-HT2 antagonist) administered intravenously caused a small decrease in blood pressure in salt-depleted recumbent subjects. A more marked postural fall in pressure occurred in both sodium-depleted and repleted normal subjects. Plasma active renin concentration and angiotensin II increased after administration of ketanserin, but plasma aldosterone, cortisol and noradrenaline were unchanged. 5-HT may be important in the control of blood pressure in man and specific 5-HT2 receptor antagonists could be a useful new class of antihypertensive agents.