Patterns of postoperative analgesic use with adults and children following cardiac surgery

Pain. 1983 Sep;17(1):71-81. doi: 10.1016/0304-3959(83)90129-X.


The postoperative prescription and administration of analgesics following cardiac surgery for 50 children were compared with those of 50 adults. Six children were the only patients in the sample who were prescribed no postoperative analgesics. Overall, children were prescribed significantly fewer potent narcotics. The administration data revealed even more pronounced group differences. During the observation period, children received 30% of all analgesic administrations while adults received 70%. Some possible reasons for these age differences in analgesic usage are presented, and implications regarding the adequacy of postoperative pain control in children are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Analgesics / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain, Postoperative / drug therapy*
  • Sex Factors


  • Analgesics