The pattern of immunoglobulins with special reference to IgM in Legionnaires' disease patients during a 2 year follow-up period

Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1983 Jul;255(1):27-32.

Abstract

Antibody titres to L. pneumophila serogroup 1 were followed for 2 years with indirect immunofluorescence test with polyvalent (mostly IgG) conjugate (49 patients) and with specific IgM conjugate (35 patients). Significant titre rises were found in all patients to both Ig-classes. IgM-antibodies were detectable in 13 patients within one week. In all 25 patients that were possible to evaluate in this respect, the maximum titre of both classes was reached within 3 weeks. Although the geometric mean titre for both Ig-classes followed the general pattern for infectious diseases, a sufficient number of patients had persisting high titres of both IgG and IgM making it impossible to designate a reliable value of a single titre to be used as diagnostic evidence of ongoing or recent Legionnaires' Disease.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin M / analysis*
  • Legionnaires' Disease / immunology*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Immunoglobulin M