Model emulates human smooth pursuit system producing zero-latency target tracking

Biol Cybern. 1983;48(3):213-22. doi: 10.1007/BF00318089.


Humans can overcome the 150 ms time delay of the smooth pursuit eye movement system and track smoothly moving visual targets with zero-latency. Our target-selective adaptive control model can also overcome an inherent time delay and produce zero-latency tracking. No other model or man-made system can do this. Our model is physically realizable and physiologically realistic. The technique used in our model should be useful for analyzing other time-delay systems, such as man-machine systems and robots.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bionics
  • Eye Movements*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Pursuit, Smooth*
  • Time Factors