The behavioral sequelae of head injury

J Clin Neuropsychol. 1983 Dec;5(4):361-76. doi: 10.1080/01688638308401185.


Twenty patients with mild and, in a few cases, moderately severe head injuries were examined 3 days and 1 month postinjury. The results indicate that these patients, as compared to appropriate controls, show significant neuropsychological difficulties at 3 days, but not at 1 month postinjury. Postconcussional symptoms are endorsed, on the other hand, at both 3 days and 1 month. Absence of significant neuropsychological findings at 1 month is contrary to some of the previous reports. A number of reasons for this discrepancy were discussed. Some of these included: (a) inappropriate controls used in previous research; (2) failure to screen for pre-existing conditions in prior studies, therefore confounding the effects of the injury with pre-injury factors; (3) possible practice effects in our research; and (4) differences in the neuropsychological measures used across different studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amnesia / etiology
  • Attention
  • Behavior*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / psychology*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Memory
  • Middle Aged
  • Orientation
  • Time Factors