Congenital cataract: management and results

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1983 Nov-Dec;20(6):243-6. doi: 10.3928/0191-3913-19831101-07.

Abstract

The visual outcome in cases of congenital cataract, managed both surgically and conservatively, is outlined. Final vision was better in cases with partial cataract, about 40% of whom attained 6/24 or better vision. With total cataracts, none could achieve this level of vision, with the majority (84%) attaining only 6/60 or less acuity. Visual results were also better in patients without nystagmus, 34% of whom attained 6/24 or better vision, while in cases with nystagmus, only 15% could come up to this level. Cataracts necessitating early surgery had a worse prognosis than cataracts necessitating late surgery. Visual results were best in cases with bilateral cataracts, partial cataracts, absence of associated ocular anomalies, the absence of nystagmus and in patients requiring later surgery. The important causes of nonimprovement of vision were amblyopia and after-cataract. Retinal detachment, retinopathy, and degenerative myopia were some of the less frequent causes of poor vision, while mental retardation was another important factor. Full cooperation from the parents is absolutely essential in the proper visual rehabilitation of the handicapped child.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Cataract / congenital*
  • Cataract / therapy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Curettage
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Iris / surgery
  • Mydriatics / therapeutic use
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Suction
  • Time Factors
  • Visual Acuity

Substances

  • Mydriatics