The effects of varying the pH on the properties of S2 serotonin receptors labelled by [3H]-ketanserin were examined. Between pH 7.0 and 8.2 the agonist affinities, as determined by competition experiments, increased dramatically. Serotonin, 5-methoxytryptamine, tryptamine, bufotenine and quipazine, demonstrated 15,16,8,6 and 5-fold increases in apparent affinity between pH 7.0 and 8.2. On the other hand the antagonists, ketanserin, cinanserin, and spiperone demonstrated little or no affinity changes between pH 7.0 and 8.2. The largest shift in affinity for an antagonist occurred with spiperone, which displayed a two-fold shift. Although changing pH is a rather non-specific manipulation, the selective affect on agonist interaction with S2 receptors indicates further investigation of this pH effect may aid in discovering the difference in receptor interactions between serotonin agonists and antagonists.