Solubility of collagen was increased and the proportion of insoluble collagen was reduced in the skin of both riboflavin as well as pyridoxine-deficient rats. Collagen content of the skin, and aldehyde concentration of salt-soluble collagen were also lower in the deficient groups. The alpha:beta subunit ratio of salt-soluble collagen was higher in riboflavin deficiency. In food-restricted weight-matched control groups, similar changes in collagen solubility, but of lesser magnitude were observed. Both food restriction and riboflavin deficiency decreased plasma PLP concentration. Increase in the solubility of collagen, decrease in the aldehyde content of soluble collagen and increase in the alpha:beta subunit ratio of soluble collagen, suggest that the maturation of collagen may be affected in pyridoxine or riboflavin deficiency. These molecular events may be etiologically related to the pathogenesis of the skin lesions in vitamin B2 or B6 deficiency.