Relations between ventricular refractoriness and regional myocardial blood flow after acute coronary occlusion

Am J Cardiol. 1978 May 22;41(6):1083-8. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(78)90861-5.


Myocardial ischemia has been associated with dispersion of ventricular refractory periods and this dispersion has been related to the ventricular arrhythmias seen with coronary occlusion. This study relates the degree of change in measured ventricular refractory period with the degree of regional myocardial blood flow abnormality after coronary occlusion. When regional myocardial blood flow is less than 70% of that of nonischemic areas, refractory periods are significantly (P less than 0.001) shortened. The greatest change in refractory periods occurs in areas with a regional myocardial blood flow that is 21 to 40% of that of nonischemic areas. Marked (less than 20%) and minimal (61 to 80%) reductions in regional myocardial blood flow are associated with less, but still significant, shortening of ventricular refractory periods. Thus dispersion of refractoriness can be related to the inhomogeneity of regional myocardial blood flow after acute coronary occlusion. Interventions designed to salvage ischemic myocardium by increasing regional myocardial blood flow may affect dispersion of ventricular refractory periods in complex and divergent ways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Animals
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / complications
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Coronary Disease / complications*
  • Dogs
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Electrophysiology
  • Heart / physiopathology*
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Time Factors