Replication patterns of three isodicentric X chromosomes and an X isochromosome in human lymphocytes

Am J Med Genet. 1978;1(4):445-60. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320010407.

Abstract

Chromosomes from four patients with variants of the Turner syndrome were investigated by G- and C-bandind and DNA replication techniques. Their karyotypes were: 1) 46,X,idic(X)(q28), 2) 45,X/46,X,idic(X)(q24), 3) 45,X/46,X,idic(X)(p11), and 4) 46,X,i(Xq). In patients 1, 2, and 3, the abnormal X was isodicentric, with different break-and-fusion points in each case. In each, the G-band pattern on one side of the breakpoint was a mirror image of that on the other side. Each had two distinct C-bands, only one of which was associated with a primary constriction. The fourth patient had an isochromosome of the long arm of an X in which only one C-band could be discerned. Replication studies were done on lymphocyte cultures by incorporating a thymidine analogue and staining with acridine orange. In addition, replication patterns of normal early- and late-replicating X chromosomes were studied in two normal females. In the four patients, all the normal X chromosomes had normal early-replication patterns. The two idic(X) chromosomes with break-and-fusion points on their long arms almost always had symmetric replication patterns, which demonstrates that the corresponding bands replicated synchronously. In contrast, many of the idic(X)(p11) and i(Xq) chromosomes showed asymmetric or asynchronous replication. In each, the replication pattern of the abnormal X was similar to the equivalent portions of a normal late-replicating X.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosomes
  • DNA Replication*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Lymphocytes / ultrastructure
  • Sex Chromosomes*
  • Turner Syndrome / genetics*
  • X Chromosome*