Reduction of asthenopia in patients with convergence insufficiency after fusional vergence training

Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1983 Dec;60(12):982-9. doi: 10.1097/00006324-198312000-00007.


Seven patients with convergence insufficiency and related asthenopia underwent automated fusional convergence training. A matched-subjects control group crossover design was used to reduce placebo effects. All patients showed significant increases in vergence ranges with concurrent marked reduction of symptoms after training. All patients showed a flattening of and an increase in the base-out portion of their fixation disparity curve. Our results demonstrated the effectiveness of fusional vergence training in reducing asthenopia in these patients. Subsequent accommodation and vergence training using traditional orthoptic procedures yielded further reduction of asthenopia, as well as an increase in the base-out fusional range.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asthenopia / complications
  • Asthenopia / therapy*
  • Exotropia / complications
  • Exotropia / diagnosis
  • Exotropia / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Orthoptics / methods*
  • Strabismus / therapy*
  • Vision Tests / instrumentation
  • Vision Tests / methods