Studies on mouse germ cells inside and outside the gonad

J Exp Zool. 1983 Nov;228(2):167-71. doi: 10.1002/jez.1402280203.


Soon after entering the genital ridge, mouse primordial germ cells take either a male or a female pathway of development. Which direction they follow, and how successful their subsequent gametogenesis turns out to be, depends on various factors, including their own genotype and the phenotype of the gonad they inhabit. Experimental situations that have helped to throw light on this problem include XX in equilibrium with XY chimeras, XO females, and mice carrying the sex-reversed gene (Sxr). Further information can be obtained by studying germ cells that fail to enter the genital ridge, as well as culturing isolated germ cells.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Female
  • Germ Cells / cytology
  • Germ Cells / physiology*
  • Male
  • Meiosis
  • Mice
  • Mitosis
  • Organ Culture Techniques
  • Ovary / embryology
  • Sex Chromosomes
  • Sex Differentiation*
  • Testis / embryology