The role of displacement of the mitral annulus in left atrial filling and emptying in the intact dog

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1978 Jun;56(3):447-57. doi: 10.1139/y78-067.

Abstract

The variations in ventricular-atrial mitral annular position during the cardiac cycle and the simultaneous changes in left atrial silhouette area (obtained by angiography after injections of contrast material into the main pulmonary artery) were investigated in six experiments on intact dogs with chronically implanted intracardiac markers. Frame-by-frame measurements of the angiograms (120 frames/s) were used to determine, under various hemodynamic conditions, the duration, magnitude, and average rate of the mitral annular motion and of the simultaneous changes in left atrial area during atrial filling (ventricular systole) and atrial emptying (early in ventricular diastole). The mitral annulus was seen to move towards the ventricular apex during systole and towards the atrium early in diastole with the duration, average rate, and magnitude of displacement (although varying widely) showing good statistical correlations (P less than 0.0005-0.005) with the changes in projected left atrial area. These findings suggest that the duration, rate, and magnitude of atrial filling and emptying may be, in the intact heart, determined by the movements of the atrioventricular junction.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atrial Function
  • Dogs
  • Heart Atria / anatomy & histology*
  • Heart Ventricles / anatomy & histology
  • Mitral Valve / anatomy & histology*
  • Movement
  • Myocardial Contraction*
  • Time Factors