Virions of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were disrupted with Triton X-100 in the presence of high salt and nucleocapsids were isolated by ultracentrifugation. The nucleocapsids had very low transcriptase activity and contained only NP as a prominent protein constituent, the bulk of L and P proteins not being retained. The L and P proteins were isolated by sequential treatment of the virions with low- and high-salt detergent followed twice by successive chromatography on phosphocellulose column and examined for their effect on RNA synthesis in a standard transcriptase system using the nucleocapsids as template. When both L and P proteins were added to the template, the RNA synthetic activity was greatly stimulated. P protein alone could not enhance but rather suppressed the activity. L protein exhibited stimulation to some extent but due to residual small amount of P protein in both L protein fraction and the template it has not been elucidated whether L protein could function as a polymerase by itself. These results indicate that both L and P proteins are required to reconstitute a fully active transcriptive complex with a functional template. Attempts have been made to isolate intracellular transcriptive complex from NDV-infected MDBK cells and to determine the protein species involved. The active complex has been recovered neither from cytoplasmic extract obtained by hypotonic disruption nor from Triton X-100 soluble fraction of the cells. However, we could isolate the complex from an extract by double detergents (Tween 40 and deoxycholate) solubilization. The complex contained L, P, and NP as virus specific proteins and several cellular proteins. These results support the concept that both L and P proteins are required for NDV-RNA synthesis and suggest further that the intracellular transcriptive complex may be associated with some cellular structure resistant to Triton X-100 but sensitive to the double detergents, presumably cytoskeletal frame work.