Multiplicity of deoxyribonucleic acid sequences with homology to a cloned complementary deoxyribonucleic acid coding for rat phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450

Biochemistry. 1983 Mar 1;22(5):1223-9. doi: 10.1021/bi00274a036.


We previously identified cDNA clones for rat cytochrome P-450 of the phenobarbital-inducible type by sequence analysis [Fujii-Kuriyama, Y., Mizukami, Y., Kawajiri, K., Sogawa, K., & Muramatsu, M. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79, 2793-2797]. With these cloned cDNAs as probe, the multiplicity of phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450 gene in rat genome was investigated by three approaches. The first approach was the Cot analysis of the total rat liver DNA under conditions of DNA excess. With internal and external markers used as gene-number standards, the reassociation kinetics were studied, which suggested the presence of approximately six genes or gene-like sequences hybridizable to phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450 cDNA per rat haploid genome. The second was the isolation of the cytochrome P-450 genes from a rat genomic library. From a screening of about 1 X 10(6) plaques, nine clones with an approximately 15-kb insert were isolated. Restriction maps and Southern blot analysis of the cloned DNAs showed that six out of nine isolated clones contained DNA inserts independent of one another. The third was Southern blot analysis of rat genomic DNA with restriction enzyme EcoRI. Approximately 12 positive bands were demonstrated with the cDNA probe, seven to eight of which showed the same mobilities as the fragments in the isolated six genomic clones, suggesting that some other genes or gene-like DNA sequences remained to be cloned.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • DNA / analysis*
  • Enzyme Induction
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phenobarbital / pharmacology*
  • Rats


  • DNA
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Phenobarbital