Antitumor imidazotetrazines. 1. Synthesis and chemistry of 8-carbamoyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3 H)-one , a novel broad-spectrum antitumor agent

J Med Chem. 1984 Feb;27(2):196-201. doi: 10.1021/jm00368a016.


Interaction of 5-diazoimidazole-4-carboxamide and alkyl and aryl isocyanates in the dark affords 8-carbamoyl-3-substituted-imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H)-on es. In cold methanol or ethanol, the 3-(2-chloroethyl) derivative 7a decomposes to afford 2-azahypoxanthine (14) and methyl and ethyl N-(2-chloroethyl)carbamates, respectively. Compound 7a has curative activity against L-1210 and P388 leukemia and may act as a prodrug modification of the acyclic triazene 5-[3-(2-chloroethyl)triazen-1-yl]imidazole-4-carboxamide (MCTIC), since it ring opens to form the triazene in aqueous sodium carbonate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / chemical synthesis*
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Imidazoles / chemical synthesis*
  • Imidazoles / therapeutic use
  • Leukemia, Experimental / drug therapy
  • Mice
  • Nitrogen Mustard Compounds*
  • Spectrum Analysis
  • Water


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Imidazoles
  • Nitrogen Mustard Compounds
  • Water
  • mitozolomide