Vigorous physical training after aortic valve replacement: analysis of 10 patients

Am J Cardiol. 1984 Feb 1;53(4):562-6. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(84)90031-6.


Improved prosthetic aortic valves have reduced the incidence of complications to a point where it can be hypothesized that functional class I subjects after aortic valve replacement (AVR) should adapt to a vigorous training program without a significant increase of hemolytic activity or clinical signs of prosthesis malfunction. To test this hypothesis, 10 men (mean age 52 years) who had undergone AVR (7 Björk-Shiley and 3 Lillehei-Kaster) were submitted to an 8-week training program on ergometer, 3 times/week, from 60 to 80% of individual maximal heart rate. Ten other men who had undergone AVR but did not participate in the training program were control subjects. The exercise program produced significant improvements in posttraining maximum tolerated ergometer work load (210 kpm, p less than 0.001), in maximum total body oxygen consumption (5 ml/kg X min-1, p less than or equal to 0.01) and in double product at submaximal work load (-5,126, p less than or equal to 0.01). After training, hemoglobin decreased by about 1 g% (p less than or equal to 0.05) and hematocrit, reticulocyte counts and haptoglobin did not change significantly. Serum LDH and serum AST did not increase. Pre- and post-training echocardiograms did not show detectable alterations. Thus, patients with AVR who are in functional class I can adapt to a physical exercise program without significant adverse effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / rehabilitation
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / rehabilitation
  • Heart Rate
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis / rehabilitation*
  • Hematocrit
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Hemolysis
  • Humans
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Education and Training*


  • Hemoglobins
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase