Histomorphologic structure of the carotid rete-cavernous sinus complex and its functional importance in sheep (Ovis aries)

Am J Vet Res. 1984 Jan;45(1):156-8.


Paraffin sections of the carotid rete-cavernous sinus complex of sheep were studied, using different stains. The carotid rete of sheep was composed of medium-sized arteries with smooth muscle layers that were oriented in different directions. The carotid body cells may have migrated proximally in the adventitia of the intracranial portion of the internal carotid artery as its extracranial portion degenerates early in life. The cavernous sinus shared a common tunica adventitia with surrounding rete branches. At places, the wall of the cavernous sinus had a distinct tunica media interposed between the endothelial cells and the tunica adventitia. Therefore, the name cavernous venous plexus has been proposed for the cavernous sinus in sheep.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / blood supply*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / cytology*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / embryology
  • Carotid Body / cytology
  • Cavernous Sinus / cytology*
  • Cavernous Sinus / embryology
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation*
  • Fetus / anatomy & histology
  • Maxillary Artery / anatomy & histology*
  • Maxillary Artery / embryology
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / cytology
  • Sheep / anatomy & histology*