Research of neuromuscular performance offers a unique possibility for integration of biomechanics, muscle physiology, and neurophysiology. This integration is especially desirable in situations where recording of neuromuscular function is made under normal movement conditions of the entire physiological range. This would improve the possibilities to investigate more exactly the interrelationship between structural aspects of the neuromuscular system and performance characteristics. Stretch-shortening cycle, a normal way of muscle function needs also to be investigated more both from the neurophysiological and mechanical viewpoints. Understanding of this stretch-shortening cycle would improve our possibilities to examine the mechanical efficiency of exercise more objectively. This paper discusses these aspects in an attempt to outline directions for future research in neuromuscular performance.