Results of sleeve lobectomy for bronchogenic carcinoma in 101 patients

Ann Thorac Surg. 1984 Apr;37(4):279-85. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4975(10)60729-1.

Abstract

Sleeve lobectomy for bronchogenic carcinoma is an alternative to pneumonectomy. The extent and location of the tumor must be such that a sleeve procedure is feasible. The conservation of lung tissue benefits both compromised and uncompromised patients. From 1961 to 1982, 101 patients underwent sleeve lobectomy for bronchogenic carcinoma of the lung. There were 58 procedures on the right side and 43 on the left. Life-table analysis of 94 of the patients shows a 5-year survival of 30% and a 10-year survival of 22%. Preoperative irradiation was utilized in 51 patients with a 5- and 10-year survival of 25% and 16%, respectively. The sleeve lobectomy group that did not have radiation therapy demonstrated a 5-year survival of 36% and a 10-year survival of 28%. There were 2 operative deaths (2%). Completion pneumonectomy was required in 7 patients because of anastomotic dehiscence in the early postoperative period in 6 and tumor at the margin in 1. Other major complications included empyema and granulation tissue at the anastomosis that were successfully managed by bronchoscopic dilation and suture removal. Tumor recurred locally in the area of the anastomosis in 9 patients. Sleeve lobectomy is a safe procedure and when technically feasible can be considered the procedure of choice for bronchogenic carcinoma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / radiotherapy
  • Carcinoma, Bronchogenic / surgery*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Lung Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumonectomy / methods*
  • Pneumonectomy / mortality
  • Postoperative Care
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Pulmonary Emphysema / etiology
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / etiology