Objective refraction: comparison of retinoscopy and automated techniques

Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1984 Mar;61(3):204-9.


The Canon Autoref R-1 and Dioptron II automated objective refractors and static distance retinoscopy were performed in a clinical setting on 75 subjects. Each technique was performed by a different examiner and the findings were compared by statistical analysis. The results were comparable with all three techniques. These data are discussed in light of their clinical significance.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Humans
  • Optometry / instrumentation
  • Optometry / methods*
  • Optometry / standards
  • Refraction, Ocular*
  • Retina / physiology