Surgery in advanced Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Foot Ankle. 1984 Mar-Apr;4(5):267-73. doi: 10.1177/107110078400400508.

Abstract

Crippling equinocavovarus position of the foot in advanced Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with its attendant metatarsalgia tender calluses and rigidity creates painful, limited, hobbling ambulation with lowered work and general activity tolerance. The object of the surgeries is to convert this foot into a plantigrade , more flexible, painless unit. Surgery consists of plantar fasciotomies off the tubercle of the os calcis and also transversely through the middle of the longitudinal arch. Dorsally angulated green-stick osteotomies are performed at the bases of all the metatarsals. A Jones operation with transfer of the long extensor great toe tendon through the neck and head of the first metatarsal and arthrodesis of the IP joint of the great toe complete the surgery. Often it is necessary to do Bunnell repair lengthening of the flexor hallucis longus tendon. Occasionally, the first metatarsophalangeal joint needs dorsal capsulotomy and lengthening of the short extensor tendon. Variations in and simplicity of techniques are demonstrated with a case report. Ten patients (eight men and two women: 18 feet), ranging in age from 18 to 46 years (average age, 29 years), with a 3- to 6-year follow-up are herein reported. Correction has been maintained in the oldest case.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / surgery*
  • Fasciotomy
  • Female
  • Foot / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metatarsus / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscular Atrophy / surgery*
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Tendons / surgery