Face Validity vs. Item Subtlety in the MMPI D Scale

J Clin Psychol. 1984 Mar;40(2):499-504. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(198403)40:2<499::aid-jclp2270400219>3.0.co;2-y.


The distinction between item subtlety and face validity ( Holden & Jackson, 1979) provided the basis to reevaluate findings for subtle items in the MMPI D scale (N = 214). Results indicated that the inclusion of nonpathological items in the D scale did not lead to greater predictive validity of depression criteria. The need for substantive considerations in scale construction was emphasized further.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • MMPI*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychometrics