Early enzyme release from myocardial cells is not due to irreversible cell damage

J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1984 Apr;16(4):385-8. doi: 10.1016/s0022-2828(84)80609-4.


It is often assumed that the release of enzymes from oxygen deficient heart tissue is due to the irreversible damage of myocardial cells. However, because of diffusion barriers and inhomogeneity of oxygen-deficient tissue this hypothesis cannot be proven in heart tissue. The question whether enzyme release may already occur during reversible injury is of considerable relevance in clinical medicine: first, because the amount of released enzyme activity has been used to estimate the mass of damaged tissue in cardiac infarction and, second, because the stress of some diagnostic interventions may lead to cardiac enzyme release, which according to the irreversibility hypothesis would indicate the death of cells in a cell constant organ.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acid Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Glutamate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Malate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Myocardium / cytology
  • Myocardium / enzymology*
  • Myocardium / ultrastructure
  • Oxygen / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Malate Dehydrogenase
  • Glutamate Dehydrogenase
  • Acid Phosphatase
  • Oxygen