Penetrating ocular injuries in young patients. Initial injuries and visual results

Retina. 1984 Winter-Spring;4(1):5-8. doi: 10.1097/00006982-198400410-00002.

Abstract

Penetrating injuries are a leading cause of unilateral visual loss in young patients. We reviewed the records of 197 patients aged 18 years or younger who underwent primary repair of a penetrating ocular injury at the Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute from January 1970 through December 1981. The injury was caused by sharp objects in 49% of cases, missiles in 35%, and blunt trauma in 14%. Of 159 patients with at least 6 months follow-up, 110 (69%) achieved final vision of 5/200 or better, and 77 patients (48%) achieved final visual acuity of 20/50 or better. The prognosis after a penetrating injury is strongly influenced by the nature of the injury and the extent of initial damage. Several factors were found to correlate with an unfavorable visual outcome, including: initial preoperative visual acuity of worse than 5/200, injuries due to blunt trauma, wounds involving the sclera, double penetrating injuries, dense vitreous hemorrhage, and wounds associated with an intraocular "BB" pellet.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Eye Injuries / complications*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Visual Acuity*
  • Wounds, Gunshot / complications
  • Wounds, Penetrating / complications*