Acetoacetate is a cholesterogenic precursor for myelinating rat brain and spinal cord. Incorporation of label from [3-14C]acetoacetate, [14C]glucose and 3H2O

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Jul 6;794(2):350-2. doi: 10.1016/0005-2760(84)90167-x.


Rat pups, 3 weeks old, were injected i.p. with combinations of 3H2O and either [3-14C]acetoacetate or [14C]glucose. 3H/14C incorporation ratios were measured in lipid fractions of homogenates and myelin prepared from whole brain and spinal cord. Spinal cord synthesized at least twice as much fatty acids and 3-fold more sterols than whole brain. Both tissues used acetoacetate preferentially for sterol synthesis, whereas label from [14C]glucose was distributed between fatty acids and sterols in the same way as 3H from 3H2O. The relative contributions of acetoacetate to sterol synthesis in whole tissue and in the purified myelin fraction were about the same, both for the cerebrum and for the spinal cord.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetoacetates / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cholesterol / biosynthesis*
  • Fatty Acids / biosynthesis
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Myelin Sheath / metabolism
  • Oligodendroglia / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Spinal Cord / metabolism*
  • Tritium / metabolism


  • Acetoacetates
  • Fatty Acids
  • Tritium
  • acetoacetic acid
  • Cholesterol
  • Glucose