Pneumonia caused by Legionella bozemanii and acquired by a 75-year-old man while on holiday in Majorca is described. This appears to be the first report of such a case from Europe. Despite artificial ventilation and intravenous erythromycin the patient died. The causative organism was isolated from part of the lung obtained post mortem. Examination of a single sample of serum by means of an indirect immunofluorescence test gave a titre of 32 in respect of L. bozemanii antigen.