Clinical assessment of instability of the shoulder. With special reference to anterior and posterior drawer tests

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1984 Aug;66(4):551-6. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.66B4.6746691.


Anterior and posterior drawer tests of the shoulder are described. Their purpose is to detect anterior and posterior shoulder instability and thereby to eliminate some of the failures of operative treatment. Their value in assessing unidirectional and multidirectional instability both before and after operation is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / diagnosis*
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology
  • Movement
  • Physical Examination / methods*
  • Radiography
  • Shoulder Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Shoulder Joint / physiopathology*