A series of 40 patients with the syndrome of normal-pressure hydrocephalus is presented. Diagnosis was based on clinical and computerized tomography (CT) scan criteria and was followed by the insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt in every instance. All patients responded favorably to treatment (four of them had a fair outcome), and this response was maintained. There was one postoperative death, but no other serious complications. This study demonstrates that it is possible to diagnose the syndrome of normal-pressure hydrocephalus on the basis of clinical and CT scan criteria without any other invasive investigations. Such patients should respond favorably to an adequately functioning shunting system.