Pain was surveyed via structured interview and the McGill Pain Questionnaire in 53 dialysis and 27 transplant patients. Increased patient control over the dialysis procedure was not associated with a reduction in pain though perceived control may have been. Compliance with the dialysis regimen did not predict pain and the validity of the category "dialysis headache" was questioned. Overall, transplant recipients did not report significantly less pain than dialysis patients. Self-reported depression was correlated positively with pain. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.