Pregnancy-related rupture of arterial aneurysms

Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1982 Sep;37(9):557-66. doi: 10.1097/00006254-198209000-00001.


Over 50 per cent of ruptured arterial aneurysms in women under the age of 40 are pregnancy-related. The hemodynamic and endocrine changes of pregnancy appear to be the cause of arterial alterations which may lead to new aneurysm formation and/or weakening of preexisting aneurysms. The most commonly reported arteries to have aneurysms rupture during pregnancy are the aorta, cerebral arteries, splenic artery, renal artery, coronary artery, and ovarian artery. In many instances, the rupture of an arterial aneurysm will initially simulate other less serious disease processes, thus delaying the correct diagnosis until a catastrophic event occurs. Early diagnosis and treatment of a ruptured arterial aneurysm are imperative in order to give optimal chances of survival to the mother and fetus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aneurysm* / diagnosis
  • Aneurysm* / etiology
  • Aneurysm* / surgery
  • Aortic Aneurysm / etiology
  • Arteries / pathology
  • Coronary Vessels
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / etiology
  • Ovary / blood supply
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular* / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular* / etiology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular* / surgery
  • Renal Artery
  • Rupture, Spontaneous
  • Splenic Artery