Bacillus calmette-guerin (BCG) adjuvant therapy in stage D prostate cancer

Urology. 1982 Oct;20(4):401-3. doi: 10.1016/0090-4295(82)90464-2.


Forty-two patients with advanced cancer of the prostate were prospectively randomized to receive either bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) adjuvant immunotherapy plus conventional therapy or conventional therapy alone. Conventional therapy consisted of estrogens or observation. There was a statistically significant (P = less than 0.05) longer survival in the 21 BCG-treated patients (thirty-eight weeks) than in the 21 control patients (twenty-eight weeks). There was no mortality and minimal morbidity (pruritus at injection site) from the adjuvant immunotherapy. Interestingly, the quality of life, as measured by the number of infections, was significantly less (P = less than 0.05) in the immunotherapy-treated group.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / therapy*
  • Aged
  • BCG Vaccine / therapeutic use*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Estrogens / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Quality of Life
  • Random Allocation


  • BCG Vaccine
  • Estrogens