Success in strabismus therapy: a literature review

J Am Optom Assoc. 1982 Dec;53(12):979-83.


The purpose of this study was to review the literature pertaining to non-surgical cure rates for strabismus published since 1958 and compare it to Flom's prognostic model. However, no studies were found that could be compared directly to Flom's model. One reason for this was due to the use of different definitions of a cure by different clinicians. Another reason was the failure to categorize the data according to the effect that retinal correspondence, frequency, and direction of the deviation had on the cure rates. From the studies which specified Flom's functional cure or its equivalent, it was determined that strabismic cure rates could be broken down as follows: Constant esotropia-29%; Intermittent esotropia-73% Constant exotropia-53%; Intermittent exotropia-62% Suggestions were made for the reporting of data to make future research more comparable and useful to the practitioner.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Esotropia / therapy
  • Exotropia / therapy
  • Humans
  • Orthoptics
  • Prognosis
  • Strabismus / therapy*