Normal muscle precursor cells, prepared by the enzymatic disaggregation of neonatal mouse muscle, were implanted into an area of regenerating muscle in a genetically different inbred strain. This was done in an attempt to determine, first, whether donor muscle precursor cells prepared in this way would fuse with the developing muscle fibres of the host; and second, whether in the "mosaic" muscle fibres thus formed donor as well as host genes were expressed. As markers of the host and donor genes we used the allelic isoenzyme variants of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI). In 43 out of 60 grafts we detected the presence of a "hybrid" isoenzyme intermediate between host and donor types. This "hybrid" indicated that donor muscle precursor cells had fused with regenerating host muscle cells, and had expressed their GPI genes within the resulting mosaic muscle fibres. We have developed this technique with a view to inserting normal genes into genetically abnormal myopathic muscle.